Geography is a science in which the way inhabitants relate to Earth is studied. The desire of the geographers is to have the knowledge of the place where the life of the men, the plants and the animals passes and the location of the rivers, the lakes, the mountains and the cities. By geographers it is studied the reason why these elements are found in their location and how they are interrelated. Geography is also considered the science that studies geographic space, that is, the branch of knowledge that seeks to understand the dynamics of space produced and transformed directly or indirectly by the human being. In this way, we can consider that Geography studies society and nature, with the focus on the way in which they relate and the consequent process of organization of terrestrial space. The objective of these studies is to contribute to the
The etymology of the word “Geography” (“Geo” = Earth, “Grafia” = Description) demonstrates its main focus: to describe the phenomena of the terrestrial surface. In other definitions, Geography is seen as the field of knowledge that aims at the study of places or the explanation of the differentiation of areas. Thus, geographic studies focus on issues that are related both to the natural sciences and to the social sciences, involving subjects such as: relief, space representation (maps), the formation of cities, the rural environment, political territories of states, regional and territorial disputes, among many other elements.
Career in Geography
The professional graduated in Geography can have two different focuses in his career, depending on whether he graduates in a baccalaureate course, which is aimed at the training of a professional connected to the industry or in a degree course, aimed at teacher training and teaching professionals.
In the area of education, the degree in Geography can act as a teacher of primary and secondary education in public and private schools. In order to teach classes in universities, it is necessary to do post-graduation, as a master’s and doctorate.
In the industry, the geographer can work with digital cartography, drawing maps from satellites. Another option is the geoprocessing, elaborating geographic databases and maps with the use of specific computational programs.
A good professional in the area of Geography needs to enjoy studying and understanding the relationship between the environment and the human being. So the curiosity on the subject is very important. You have to have a great sense of observation, because small details make difference in analyzes and projections.
In industry, in many cases, it is a professional who needs to be on the field and enjoy activities outside of offices. To enjoy the contact with the environment is essential.
In the case of pursuing an academic career, it is important that the geographer is eager to transmit his knowledge and influence people through the teachings.
Job market for people who do Geography
Professionals who opt for the academic career find a high rate of employability. There is a shortage of teachers for basic education in all regions of the country, especially in cities further away from large urban centers.
Several companies of cartography, soil analysis and consulting employ bachelors in Geography. This market is well heated and has a certain lack of specialized professionals. Activities linked to government agencies and governments also have good employment opportunities, usually with more disputed positions.
The theme of the Geography article
As noted above, Geography is a fairly comprehensive research area. So, in order for the student to choose his Geography article topic, it is recommended to follow the tips below:
- Choose a research area that the student likes and identifies himself;
- Read a lot about the topic of Geography that you want to develop;
- Seek to know the frontiers of knowledge in this area;
- Observe the relevance of the chosen research theme.
The student can not choose the theme of his research project without having any knowledge about it. Ideally, initially, it works with more than one theme possibility, so you do not have to change your goals in the middle of the path. A great tip is to find three or four subjects that are of your interest and then go on to do extensive research on them. This type of preliminary research does not have to be very thorough, it’s just a collection of data so that the student is able to consciously decide which topics are most likely to be a success.
Utilizar o mesmo estilo de redação da introdução e do material e métodos, não se esquecendo de seguir as normas estabelecidas pela ABNT.
O texto do artigo de Geografia deve estar sem erros de ortografia e gramática, escrito com linguagem clara, objetiva e atraente.
Elaborar um título curto, que seja atraente e interessante e que, além de tudo, reflita o tema principal do artigo. Muitos artigos não são lidos simplesmente porque os leitores não se interessaram pelo título.
Ao escrever um artigo científico, cada palavra deve expor exatamente o pensamento que se deseja transmitir, sem equívocos ou várias interpretações, é importante ser claro.
Ao terminar de escrever, não esquecer fazer uma revisão do artigo.